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321. 10291 10291 F. J. Goldsmith, a British major general, visited the disputed area of Seistan to determine an appropriate boundary between Persia and Afghanistan. The arbital opinion describes Goldsmith's decision to split the Seistan region into "Sistan Proper" and "Outer Sistan". Sistan Proper, consisting of land surrounding Lake Hamun, would belong to Persia. Outer Sistan, including Chakhansur and area above the Band-i-Kohak would belong to Afghanistan.

322. 10292 10292 The Treaty of Paris was signed on March 4, 1857, concluding the Anglo-Persian war over possession of Herat. While Persia wanted to reclaim the province, Great Britain used Afghanistan as an independent buffer state against Russia. Articles stated in the treaty include the withdrawal of British troops from Persia, the liberation of all prisoners of war, and withdrawal of Persia form all matters concerning Afghanistan. The Persian government also agreed to help extinguish the presence of slavery in the Persian Gulf.

323. 10293 10293 The file contains irrigation and revenue reports created by the Perso-Afghan Arbitration Commission, 1902-1905.

324. 10294 10294 The Frontiers of Baluchistan contains excerpts from George Passman Tate's report on the exploration of the Baluchistan and Seistan provinces of Persia (presently Iran). Tate replaced a member on the McMahon Arbitration Commission as the irrigation specialist. Excerpts included past commission efforts and notable visits, such as Nasratabad, the capital city of Seistan, and the Parian river. Tate shares the history of the once famous Bandar-i-Kamal Khan, a market that was built by a Baluchi chief. Township structures are illustrated from the Kadkhuda, or mayor, to the Pagos, or agricultural associations, responsible for building weirs. Included is a map of the area studied by the McMahon commission.

325. 10295 10295 The file contains:
a. Treaty of Frontier Delimitation, signed August 14, 1925
b. Memorandum, Saar boundary protocols of 1926
c. Protocol regarding the German - Saar frontier, signed November 13, 1926
d. Protocol regarding the Franco - Saar frontier, signed November 13, 1926

326. 10296 10296 Sir Aurel Stein's account focuses on Hamun lake and the Band-i-Seistan. Hamun lake, which fluctuates throughout the year, produces fertile soil noted for its lack of salt. However, with the shifting bed of the Helmand river, areas once thriving have become desert. Stein recommends the usage of barrages to control and divert river discharge to previously abandoned plots.

327. 10297 10297 Arnold Talbot Wilson explores the importance of qanat systems, or underground tunnels. He believed the subterranean tunnels were more beneficial than fields irrigated by streams due to decreased loss through evaporation. Similar to Egypt, who is positioned at the delta of the Nile, Wilson asserts that Iran can use qanats to harness the resources of the Helmand.

328. 10298 10298 Asia describes Laurence Dudley Stamp's observations while traveling through Seistan, including the desertification of previously irrigated fields and the gradual disappearance of Lake Hamun.

329. 10299 10299 The file includes excerpts from hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations and the basis for the Treaty of Washington between the United States and Mexico in regards to the Colorado, Tijuana, and Rio Grande rivers.

330. 103 103

331. 1030 1030

332. 10300 10300 Iran introduces William S. Haas's recommendations for Persian agriculture. Through utilizing small streams and rivers, or the present qanat systems, Iran can expand the area of irrigated lands. This would allow farms to produce enough crops and animal products to feed citizens and make revenue through exporting commodities.

333. 10301 10301 The file contains memorandums on the demographics and physical features of Seistan, 1947-February 1, 1950.

334. 10302 10302

335. 10303 10303 The file contains:
a. Translation of speech made by Mr. Monsef, Deputy of Parliament, May 16, 1947. The speech given by Mr. Monsef voices the frustrations and disappointment felt regarding Afghanistan's secret canal and dam construction and lack of intervention undergone by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
b. Translation of speech made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before the "Majlis", May 17, 1947. The speech given by the minister expresses his concerns with the lack of good will displayed by Afghanistan after they refused to acknowledge the 1938 Agreement declaration and extinguished all attempts to study the entire length of the Helmand river. The speech also addresses the recent involvement of the United States government in the dispute. Following attempted negotiations in Washington D.C., the US government recommended the formation of a technical party consisting of three representatives from disinterested countries.

336. 10304 10304 The file contains the International Engineering Co. report on the program for the development of Iran, July 1947.

337. 10305 10305 The file contains a letter from D. J. Bleifuss to M. Nemazee, February 11, 1948.

338. 10306 10306 The file contains correspondence, memorandums, and conference notes regarding Iran and Afghanistan's negotiations over the terms of reference, which would be used as a guide by the Helmand River Delta Commission. A 245-page transcript is included of the negotiations held at the State Department in Washington D.C. from August 9, 1950 - September 14, 1950.

339. 10307 10307 The file contains a letter from Governor General of Baluchistan to the Minister of War, March 22, 1949.

340. 10308 10308 The memorandum details conference discussions about the $21 million loan from the United States's Export-Import Bank to Afghanistan for dam building, a central issue of the Helmand dispute. The Draft Aide-Memoire contains the response to the State Department memorandum.
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