University of Oregon
University of Oregon Libraries
Digital Collections

Picturing the Cayuse, Walla Walla, and Umatilla Tribes

Skip to content  Collection Home : Browse Collection : Advanced Search : Preferences : My Favorites    
add to favorites : reference url : download back to results : previous : next
Photo NumberPH036_4425
Title on ObjectLou French
Title on EnvelopeLou French, Walla Walla Indian, in costume, outside tipi, carrying cradled infant
Descriptive UO TitleLou French, Walla Walla Indian, in costume carrying cradled infant, outside tipi
TCI Title
General NotesA Native American woman, identified as Lou French of the Walla Walla tribe, stands to the right of a tipi, with her left side towards the photographer. She points to her left with her right arm upraised and index finger outstretched. Her costume consists of a geometically decorated hat shaped like a tuncated cone, a fringed leather dress with geometric beading, and moccasins with floral beading at the ankles. She wears a number of metal bangle bracelets and what looks like a brass arm band. In her left hand she holds the string to a geometrically-beaded rectangular bag which has circular shapes made of up joined triangles, dark shapes on light bag. Over her shoulders runs a striped band which is attached to the cradleboard she wears on her back. Although the design cannot be seen clearly in this photo, what can be seen resembles almost exactly similar photos of cradleboards with bold floral designs. Attached to the cradleboard is a dark geometrically-decorated piece of cloth or blanket which acts as a hood for the baby. All that can be seen of the baby is the right side of its head, as the rest is engulfed in the bag of the cradleboard. The tipi a few yards behind her seems to be covered with woven mats, and has several long poles on the outside as well as the inside framework. Leaning upright against it are several boards and branches. Close behind is a line of low trees or high bushes, and to the right of the photo a criss-cross of lines that might be from a fence or other structure. The woman's pose is upright and self-assured as she gestures.
TCI NotesAn outside photograph of a woman dressed in regalia standing in a campsite. She has been identified as Lou French and unidentified child. She is standing in the back of a Tule mat tipi pointing with her right hand at something as if she was looking at something. She is wearing a beaded buckskin dress, cornhusk hat, choker, brass bracelet, legging with a floral design and beaded moccasins. She is holding a cornhusk bag in her left hand. She has a beaded leather belt around her neck to hold a cradleboard and a child on her back. The cradleboard has a floral design above the child's head. On the front outside of the cradleboard of the child is a loop necklace. The tipi is three layers high of Tule mats. On the back of the tipi are boards, poles and pieces of wood leaning on the tipi. Also there are two damaged Tule mats under the boards, poles, and wood. The tipi is next to some brush that is as tall as the tipi. In the background behind the woman and child is a corral made of poles. Writing on the photograph is under the tipi "Lou French Walla Walla Maj. Moorhouse."
TCI TermsWoman
Hat, Cornhusk
Dress, Buckskin-Beaded
Bag, Cornhusk
Legging, Woman's
Bracelet, Brass
Belt, Leather-Beaded
Cradleboard, Beaded
Tule Mat

TCI ClassesOutside Photograph; People; Regalia; Campsite; Housing;
SubjectIndians of North America
Clothing and dress
Arm Bands, Brass
Bag, Beaded--Geometric
Indian beadwork
Braids (Hairdressing)
Cradleboard, Beaded--Floral
Dress, Buckskin
Indian beadwork
Indian women
Leather garments
Leggings, Women's
Moccasins, Beaded-Floral
Walla Walla Indians

NamesFrench, Lou
PhotographerMoorhouse, Lee
Date in Photo1897 - 1920
RightsThis image is in the public domain. Acknowledgement of the University of Oregon Libraries as a source is requested.
RepositoryUniversity of Oregon Libraries - Special Collections and University Archives

Collection TitleMoorhouse Collection
Source FormatGlass-plate negative
Source Dimensions9.92 X 7.98 inches
Sub TypeOutside Photograph

Image (File) Size528,671 bytes
Image Width1240 pixels
Image Height998 pixels
Color Space8 bit -- Grayscale -- Gray Gamma 2.2
Capture MethodScanned in Twain 32 negative mode on UMAX PowerLook III flatbed scanner
Resolution125 dpi
Processing HistoryAdobe Photoshop used to adjust levels from 0 - 1.00 - 255 to 18 - 0.97 - 255. Images saved in greyscale. JPEG compressed from greyscale tiff at 125 dpi with quality setting at 6 of 12.
Additional Formats Held by UOArchived tiff -- PH036_4425.tif -- 24 bit, sRGB IEC61966-2.1 -- 5950 X 4789 pixels -- 600 dpi -- 85,492,488 bytes //

Production tiff -- PH036_4425ag.tif -- 8 bit, Gray Gamma 2.2 -- 5950 X 4789 pixels -- 600 dpi -- 28,520,036 bytes //

PublisherJoint Project of the University of Oregon Libraries and the Tamástslikt Cultural Institute of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla
Digital CollectionUniversity of Oregon. Libraries. Picturing the Cayuse, Walla Walla, and Umatilla Tribes.
Contributing InstitutionUniversity of Oregon Libraries
add to favorites : reference url : download back to results : previous : next
University of Oregon Libraries | Oregon State University Libraries | Contact Us ^ to top ^