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Article or Chapter TitleThe Peace Canal Project on the Golan (assorted papers and diagrams included)
Record Number10212
Primary author or editorWatchel, Boaz
DescriptionThe Peace Canal Project plan proposes a water pipeline originating in the elevated Ataturk Baraji lake in southeast Turkey, that would carry about one billion cubic meters of water to Syria, Jordan, Israel and the West Bank. The pipeline would also serve as a tank barrier between Syria and Israel on the Golan Heights, where it would become a 100 meter wide and 60 kilometer long open canal. On the South of the Golan the canal would split, and part of the water would fall to the Yarmuk River and the other part to the Sea of Galilee, thus also generating hydroelectric power that could be used to push the water to needy areas. The water from the project can be used on the way by Syria either in the Al-Assad lake or in the cities in the West of the Country. The Jordanians would be able to pull the water to their two sides of their water shed and may store the water behind the proposed Unity Dam on the Yarmuk. The Sea of Galilee could be stabilized and agreed upon amount would flow to the Jordan river, thus allowing for an independent access to the water by the Palestinians. The remaining amount would flow to the Dead Sea and slow the rapid evaporation trend of the lake. Israel's strategic need to remain on the Golan Heights would be reduced by the pipeline/canal, a factor which may allow for the demilitarization of the region and its ultimate return to Syrian civilian control. An additional strategic benafit of the project is that it reduces Israel's need to hold on to the West Bank as a water source, therefore expediting a compormise with the Palestinians. The strategic elements and the prospects for a long term reduction in the competition over water, as proposed in the plan, provide incentives for Middle Eastern parties to share water and an opening for a regional cooperation. Moreover, the interdependence created through a shared water source would promote future stability in the thirsty region with its growing population and decreased renewable water supplies."--Title page
Water Basin(s)Yarmuk
West Bank
Golan Heights
Library LocationArchives maps & microfiche - standard size file cabinets
DonorLaylin, John G.
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