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Article or Chapter TitleIran (Shatt-al-Arab)
Record Number10351
DescriptionThe file contains memorandums, news clippings, and correspondence regarding navigation rights on the Shatt-al-Arab, a shared river along the border of Iran and Iraq. In 1937, Iran was pressured to create a new boundary designation along their shoreline, sacrificing complete navigation rights to Iraq. Following levied dues that exceeded the maximum limit determined in the 1937 treaty, Iran considered the treaty null. If the agreement was abolished, the boundary would return to the Thalweg, or mid-channel, allowing Iraq and Iran rights to half the river. After Iraq began issuing threats to unarmed Iranian shipping vessels, Iran brought the dispute to the United Nations Security Council. Iran's goal was to establish a cooperative administration which would allow navigation rights to the entire river for both countries.
Subject(s)Navigation rights; Disputes; Treaties; United Nations Security Council; Political factors
Page(s)20 p.
DonorLaylin, John G.
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