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1. 3369 3369

2. 10207 10207 "Desalination techniques have usually been utilised in arid zone countries with high incomes arising mainly from oil production. Potable water provided to the public by desalination has to be heavily subsidised by the governments concerned. In reviewing the alternative water resources available in other arid and semi-arid zone countries when appraising water sectors for providing aid for development, it becomes increasingly evident that there will be a greater demand for desalination by the turn of the century. In fact, desalination has already imposed itself on some developing countries, in spite of its high capital cost and the subsequent subsidies required, since the only alternative may be to convey water for long distances, possibly from other countries. The paper reviews the cost of producing water in developing countries and points out that when it comes to providing water the price will be paid, however high it may be. Reducing the cost of desalinated water, however, is not only dependent on improving desalination technology, but also on improving the management of the conservation and utilisation of desalinated water. The paper therefore emphasises that when desalination is proposed it is important that it should be carried out in conjunction with improving the efficiency of the water supply system, re-using sewage effluent and substantially increasing storage capacity. Finally, the paper attempts to indicate areas where further research is required and to show the need for collaborative action by arid zone oil-producing countries in setting up an institutional framework that would enable their extensive experience with desalination to be shared, and permit the establishment of a body of expertise that could work towards reducing the present, often prohibitive, cost of desalination."--Title page

3. 7864 7864 Article originally published in Al-Ahram: Al-Tab'ah Al-Duwaliyah, Cairo, in Arabic, 19 Oct 86, p. 9. Article on-file at Oregon State University Valley Library is in English.

4. 828 828

5. 3370 3370

6. 1372 1372

7. 7865 7865 Article originally published in Al-Ahram: Al-Tab'ah Al-Duwaliyah, Cairo, in Arabic, 19 Oct 86, p. 8. Article on-file at Oregon State University Valley Library is in English.

8. 1944 1944

9. 2079 2079

10. 3129 3129

11. 5776 5776

12. 6962 6962

13. 7866 7866 Article originally published in Al-Akhbar, Cairo, in Arabic, 26 Oct 86, p. 3. Article on-file at Oregon State University Valley Library is in English.

14. 2080 2080

15. 629 629

16. 7867 7867 Article originally published in Al-Sha'b, Cairo, in Arabic, 21 Oct 86, p. 8. Article on-file at Oregon State University Valley Library is in English.

17. 8694 8694

18. 8586 8586

19. 2290 2290

20. 2291 2291
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