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Middle East Waters
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The file contains a letter and attachment from Muhammad Khan, Minister of Foreign Affairs for the government of Pakistan, to Choudhri Sahib, March 8, 1950. The attachment contains the arbitral award of Colonel A. H. McMahon regarding the Helmand River dispute.
The memorandum details Afghanistan's rejection of establishing a joint commission to investigate the Helmand River dispute, February 1, 1950.
Hydrological studies in Ethiopia
Revised Draft 2/23/03
Publication # OTA-ISC-480
The file contains a memorandum on the 1857 treaty regarding the Helmand River dispute, February 1, 1950.
Same document as # 5201
Publication # OTA-F-476
The file contains a memorandum on the location of materials regarding the Helmand River dispute, January 13, 1950.
"Pressured by the U.N. imposed Iraqi embargo, Jordan also faces the worst water crisis in the Middle East. Water availability is estimated at  cubic meters per capita per year vis-a-vis the generally recognized 1,000 cubic meter poverty line. [To meet growing demand, ... are] overpumping groundwater aquifers causing adverse environmental impacts. Surface water resources are only 40% utilized, and further developmental is fraught with political and financial concerns. This paper places the water problems in Jordan and their socio-economic impacts in perspective. Future scenarios and recommended solutions are presented in an attempt to reconcile future water supply and demand imbalances. An integrated planning and management approach is proposed where optimal resource development opportunities can be identified to improve the overall well-being of the Nation. This approach could make significant contributions to the effectiveness and efficiency of the water resources systems in Jordan. The opinions expressed in this paper are strictly those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of any government or organization."--Abstract page Page 48 missing
Table of contents only. Book is a natioinal review of droughts and floods with a state-by-state breakdown
The file contains a note on British-Afghan relations from 1880-1905, July 24,1950.
Submitted to The Middle East Water Crisis Creative Perspectives and Solutions - University of Waterloo, Canada May 7-9, 1992
Submitted to The Middle East Water Crisis Creative Perspectives and Solutions - University of Waterloo, Canada May 7-9, 1992 "It has long been recognized that the use and control of the region's limited water resources are central issues in the Arab-Israeli dispute. While the populations and consumption levels of countries throughout the Middle East are steadily increasing, and, correspondingly, their water demands, the water resources available to most of these countries remain more or less the same, if not being reduced by abusive utilization or pollution. Due to the insufficiency of available supplies to meet all demands of all countries, the conflict over control of the area's water resources has been a permanent feature in the modern history of the region. Having just witnessed a disastrous war for oil, many now speculate that the region's next war will be fought over water. Accordingly, agreement on the use and distribution of the Middle East's vital and limited water would go far towards enhancing the achievement of stability in the area. Conversely, failure to reach consensus will almost certainly obstruct current efforts to attain this goal and could even lead to another Middle East war. It is unfortunate that although numerous attempts have been made to overcome the area's peculiar water conflict, none has so far succeeded. While considered, the reasons for the failures of previously proposed solutions are beyond the scope of this paper. This paper is an attempt to present a pragmatic, applicable and dispassionate formula for dealing with the problem of allocation. The formula is built around nature's apportionment of resources and an open international water market."--Title page
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