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Middle East Waters
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"How Strong is Iran's Economy?"
"It is axiomatic that because water is such a complex, pervasive issue, solutions to its problem must be commensurate with its complexity. The key to dealing effectively with the layered intracacies of water is to pay attention to the interlinkages, e.g., approaches that combine supply and demand-side policies. Controlling problems of water scarcity and maldistribution in hydrologically marginal regions such as the Middle East require policies that emphasize managing demand and need rather than focussing on increasingly difficult efforts to increase supplies."--Title page
"Playing Chess with the Waters of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers" "This article was written to evaluate the last declaration (Damascus Declaration) of Syria and some other Arabic Countries about the usage of the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris. Author indicates that the accusations which are made by the Damascus Declaration are for ahead from the real situation. Turkey is the rational and reasonable user of the waters of these rivers."--Reference page
"Pressured by the U.N. imposed Iraqi embargo, Jordan also faces the worst water crisis in the Middle East. Water availability is estimated at  cubic meters per capita per year vis-a-vis the generally recognized 1,000 cubic meter poverty line. [To meet growing demand, ... are] overpumping groundwater aquifers causing adverse environmental impacts. Surface water resources are only 40% utilized, and further developmental is fraught with political and financial concerns. This paper places the water problems in Jordan and their socio-economic impacts in perspective. Future scenarios and recommended solutions are presented in an attempt to reconcile future water supply and demand imbalances. An integrated planning and management approach is proposed where optimal resource development opportunities can be identified to improve the overall well-being of the Nation. This approach could make significant contributions to the effectiveness and efficiency of the water resources systems in Jordan. The opinions expressed in this paper are strictly those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of any government or organization."--Abstract page Page 48 missing
"Some Thoughts Concerning Characteristic Usage of the Euphrates' Waters by the GAP Project's Neighbors and Partners"
"Water demand is approaching, and occasionally has surpassed, water supply in several Mideast water basins. As a result, various entities have formulated regional and project plans in an attempt to alleviate the perceived or real water shortages. A one-month desk study was performed to compile published information on the larger of the above plans which are referred to here as 'Grand Schemes'. An introduction offers a brief outline of the historical perspective of water problems in the Mideast, as well as the current situation. Each Grand Scheme is treated as an independent unit. The body of the study includes a brief description and evaluation of 16 Grand Schemes in and around the water basins of the Nile, Jordan, and Euphrates Rivers, and summaries of the prospects desalination, wastewater reuse, and conservation. The schemes include projects for interbasin water transfers by pipeline, canal, and towed plastic bags; and projects for hydro-power. An evaluation matrix offers a comparative framework for ranking the relative viability of each project."--Abstract page
1 map of Turkey
12-16 March 1995 - Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
A Brief Summary Presented to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Sub-Committee on Europe and the Middle East.
A. Proposed by State Department - February 1950; B. Revised Alternative Proposed by State Department - July 17, 1950; C. Recent Alternatives Proposed by State Department - June 27, 1950; D. Proposed by Representative of Afghanistan.
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