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301. 206 206

302. 10294 10294 The Frontiers of Baluchistan contains excerpts from George Passman Tate's report on the exploration of the Baluchistan and Seistan provinces of Persia (presently Iran). Tate replaced a member on the McMahon Arbitration Commission as the irrigation specialist. Excerpts included past commission efforts and notable visits, such as Nasratabad, the capital city of Seistan, and the Parian river. Tate shares the history of the once famous Bandar-i-Kamal Khan, a market that was built by a Baluchi chief. Township structures are illustrated from the Kadkhuda, or mayor, to the Pagos, or agricultural associations, responsible for building weirs. Included is a map of the area studied by the McMahon commission.

303. 10296 10296 Sir Aurel Stein's account focuses on Hamun lake and the Band-i-Seistan. Hamun lake, which fluctuates throughout the year, produces fertile soil noted for its lack of salt. However, with the shifting bed of the Helmand river, areas once thriving have become desert. Stein recommends the usage of barrages to control and divert river discharge to previously abandoned plots.

304. 409 409

305. 5011 5011

306. 10297 10297 Arnold Talbot Wilson explores the importance of qanat systems, or underground tunnels. He believed the subterranean tunnels were more beneficial than fields irrigated by streams due to decreased loss through evaporation. Similar to Egypt, who is positioned at the delta of the Nile, Wilson asserts that Iran can use qanats to harness the resources of the Helmand.

307. 5012 5012

308. 10298 10298 Asia describes Laurence Dudley Stamp's observations while traveling through Seistan, including the desertification of previously irrigated fields and the gradual disappearance of Lake Hamun.

309. 10312 10312 The file contains technical information regarding the Helmand river dispute, January 18, 1950.

310. 4345 4345

311. 5013 5013

312. 10300 10300 Iran introduces William S. Haas's recommendations for Persian agriculture. Through utilizing small streams and rivers, or the present qanat systems, Iran can expand the area of irrigated lands. This would allow farms to produce enough crops and animal products to feed citizens and make revenue through exporting commodities.

313. 4346 4346

314. 5221 5221

315. 10310 10310 Marchant gives a general overview of Afghan and Persian Seistan (presently Afghan Chakhansur and Iranian Seistan), including historical background of the Helmand river and major weirs, Band-i-Kamal Khan and Band-i-Seistan. The overview also translates Persian phrases such as dasht, or desert, and rud, or river.
The technical information page integrates and compares data collected by Tate, Iranian, and Afghan studies regarding land cultivated, population, lake area, and water quantity.

316. 10338 10338

317. 4559 4559

318. 4347 4347 Sanitized

319. 10353 10353 The Iranian and Afghan calendar page assists readers with converting dates from ancient and modern solar calendars to a "Christian" Gregorian calendar.
The equivalents page shows the equivalents for measurement units used in reports (ex. 1 cu in = 16.39 cm³).

320. 4560 4560
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