UO Libraries
Digital Collections

U.S. Federal Documents pertaining to Indian Tribes
(including the tribes of Oregon & the Oregon Territory) - Tribal Legacies

Committee Hearings

1800’s – 1946
House Committee on Indian Affairs (committee goes back to at least 1812; hearings from 1867 on ProQuest Congressional, from 1919 on DOC-US shelves)
SuDoc No. (from approx..1903-) Y4.In2/1:
Senate Committee on Indian Affairs (committee goes back to 1792; hearings from 1887 on ProQuest Congressional, from 1913 on DOC-US shelves)
SuDoc No. (From approx. 1900-) Y4.In2/2:
1947-1948
Senate. Committee on Public Lands. Subcommittee on Indian Affairs.
SuDoc No: Y4.P96/1:
1948-1975
Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Indian Affairs. 
SuDoc No: Y4.In8/13:
1947-1950
House. Committee on Public Lands. Subcommittee on Indian Affairs.
SuDoc No.: Y4.P96/2:
1950-1976
House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.  Subcommittee on Indian Affairs.
SuDoc No.: Y4.In8/14:
1976-present
Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs  
SuDoc No: Y4.IN2/11:
1977-1993
House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Indian Affairs and Public Lands.
SuDoc No.: Y4.In8/14:
1993-1996
House. Committee on Resources. Subcommittee on Native American Affairs  (1993-1994)
House. Committee on Resources. Subcommittee on Native American and Insular Affairs (1995-1996)
SuDoc No.: Y4.R31/3:
No House subcommittee between 1996 and 2011

  • 2001 (107th Congress) created “Office on Native American and Insular Affairs”
  • 2007 (110th Congress) changed  name to “Office on Indian Affairs”; changed committee name to “Natural Resources”
  • 2011 (112TH Congress) created Subcommittee on Indian & Alaska Native Affairs

2011-present
House. Committee on Natural Resources.  Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs
SuDoc No.: Y4.R31/3:


->These, and many more, unpublished hearings are available through ProQuest Congressional, searchable at the UO Libraries (i.e., you must be on campus or a UO user.)  Ways to search include “Witness affiliation”, so for example you could search for “Klamath [In] Witness affiliation”.  Documents can be downloaded as pdfs and printed (you need to buy a card for library printing.) I recommend bringing a USB flash or thumb drive for downloading pdfs.


U.S. Congressional “Serial Set”

  • Began with: No. 1, 15th Congress, 1st session, 1817
  • Compiles House and Senate reports, documents, and prints; includes reports submitted to Congress by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
  • UO holdings go from 1817 to the present, with some missing volumes between  1817-1837.  

Other relevant federal documents

American state papers : documents, legislative and executive, of  the Congress of the United States
PUBLISHER    Washington : Gales and Seaton, 1832-1861.
Class II. Indian affairs. 2 v.  1st Cong.-19th Cong., May 25, 1789-Mar. 1, 1827.
DOC-LC     KF11 .A48 1832 Class 2 v.1
DOC-LC     KF11 .A48 1832 Class 2 v.2

  • The Indian Affairs papers are for very early years, but do include the Lewis & Clark expedition.

American state papers [electronic resource] : documents,  legislative and executive, of the Congress of the United States. Online version via Hein Online (must be on campus or UO user) Indian Affairs – http://libproxy.uoregon.edu/login?url=http://www.heinonline.org/HOL/Index?index=congrec/amstpap&collection=congrec

Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (Knight Library holds many editions of these, published separately from the Serial Set, and are available for checkout.)
1852, 1857-1858, 1865-1891, 1895-1896, 1900, 1921-26, 1929-32, 1947  
Knight E93 .U71


Treaties & agreements of the Indian tribes of the Pacific Northwest. Washington, Institute for the Development of Indian Law [1974?]
DOC-LC  KF8228.N772 1974

Censuses

Available in Knight Documents Library and at Connect to Census Data

  • The 1890 Census was the first to enumerate the entire American Indian population.  Chinese and American Indian classifications were added in the 1860 census; however, prior to 1890, the enumeration of American Indians excluded Indian reservations and American Indians (not taxed) living elsewhere in tribal society .
  • The 1890, 1910, and 1930 censuses published special, detailed reports on the American Indian population. These are preceded below by an asterisk *.

*Indians taxed and Indians not taxed (1890). Report on Indians taxed and Indians not taxed in the United   States (except Alaska). Includes illustrations and photographs.
DOCS-US  CENSUS RANGE 49A  vol. 17

Twelfth Census of the United States: 1900. Population Part I. Volume 1, Table 19 “White, Negro, and Indian Population, by Counties.”

Thirteenth Census of the United States: 1910. See vols. 2-3 for states, Tables 1 and 15.
DOCS-US  CENSUS RANGE 49A 
*Indian population in the United States and Alaska. 1910. / United States. Bureau of the Census.
KNIGHT     E77 .U5                     

Fourteenth Census of the United States: 1920. See vols. 2-3, Tables 1, 7, and supplemental.
DOCS-US  CENSUS RANGE 49A 

*Fifteenth census of the United States: 1930. The Indian population of the United States and Alaska.
DOC-LC     E77 .U5 1937    

Sixteenth census of the United States: 1940. Population. Characteristics of the nonwhite population by race.  
The Document Center does not seem to have this volume. However, it has been scanned into a pdf, and can be accessed at: http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41271189ch1.pdf  See Tables 21-26 for detailed tables on Indian population.

Census of Population: 1950. Special Report on nonwhite population by race. Vol. IV, Part III.
DOCS-US  CENSUS RANGE 49A

Census of Population: 1960. Special report on nonwhite population by race. Subject Report 1C.
DOCS-US  CENSUS RANGE 49A

1970 Census of Population, Subject Report, 1F, American Indians.
DOCS-US  CENSUS RANGE 49A

1980 Census of Population. Subject Reports: American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts on Identified Reservations and in the Historic Areas of Oklahoma (Excluding Urbanized Areas).
DOCS-US   CENSUS RANGE 49A

  • Note that this report will not include any members of the terminated tribes that had not been reinstated at that time, since they were not on “identified reservations.”

1980 Census of Population. Subject Report. Characteristics of American Indians by Tribes and Selected Areas . 2 volumes.
DOCS-US   CENSUS RANGE 49A

1990 Census of Population. Social & Economic Population Characteristics. American Indian and Alaska Native areas. 2 volumes.
DOCS-US   CENSUS RANGE 49B

1990 Census of Population.  Subject Report. Characteristics of American Indians by Tribe and Language. 2 volumes.
DOCS-US   CENSUS RANGE 49B

2000 and 2010 censuses available via the Census’ search utility, American FactFinder. See also “Facts on the American Indian and Alaskan Native Population” http://www.census.gov/newsroom/minority_links/aian.html

Information about historical censuses also is available at:
http://www.archives.gov/research/census/native-americans/index.html

Special Reports – Census and related:

American Indian population by tribe for the United States, regions, divisions, and states: 1990 / prepared by Edna Paisano ... [et al.] Washington, DC : Population Division, Bureau of the Census, [1992]
DOC-LC     E98.P76 A44 1992

Comparisons of selected social and economic characteristics between Asians, Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaskan Natives) [microfiche] / Edward W. Fernandez.
Working paper series (United States. Bureau of the Census. Population Division) ; no. 15. (1996.)
DOC-US/MF  C 3.223/27:15

Native American elder population, 1990 [microfiche]: (based on Bureau of the Census count) / prepared by Blanch Spruiel Williams.
DOC-US/MF  HE 1.1002:N 21/5

Portland area demographic statistical data report:  selected counties with significant Indian population. / United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Planning Support Group.

  • "The report is an interpolative compilation from the 1970 U.S.  Census figures for all counties in the Portland Area having any significant Indian population.

DOC-US     I 20.52:237/ v.I Idaho     
DOC-US     I 20.52:237/ v.II Oregon
DOC-US     I 20.52:237/ v.III Washington
DOC-US     I 20.52:237/ v. IV Utah


Anthropological Publications

Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology.

  • Annual Reports  (v. 1-48, 1880-1933) – KNIGHT E51 .U55 [v. #]
  • Anthropological papers (1938-1966) and  Bulletins (1887-1971)– KNIGHT E51 .U6 [no.]
  • Smithsonian miscellaneous collections. –  SCIENCE Q11 .S7 [v. #] (Some of these are scientific, some anthropological)
    • Many volumes in the above 3 series are searchable by individual title and subject in the library catalog.

 

Microfilm Collections

See the guide at: http://libweb.uoregon.edu/govdocs/micro/native.htm
Many of these collections pertain specifically to Oregon (and/or Washington), e.g.:

  • Applegate Papers
  • Cayuse Indian War
  • Klamath, Modoc and Yahooskin: Dkt. no. 100 (Ind. Cls. Comm.) / National Archives ; Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-81: Oregon Superintendency, 1842-1880
  • The Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus Indian Language Collection: The Pacific Northwest Tribes
  • Records of the Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1848-73.
  • Records of the Washington Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1853-74
  • U.S. Office of Indian Affairs. Klamath Agency, Oregon. Annual Reports
  • Yakima and Rogue River Wars
  • Letterbook of the Umatilla Indian Agency, 1860-1880

Western Americana: Frontier History of the Trans-Mississippi West.

  • Includes Congressional publications we may be missing from our Serial Set, plus many other historical resources.
  • 616 reels (MICROFILM F591 .W464). Finding aid: Western Americana: Frontier History of the Trans-Mississippi West, 1550-1900: Guide and Index to the Microfilm Edition (REFERENCE Z1251.W5). They also can be searched individually in the online library catalog.

Documents relating to the negotiation of ratified and unratified treaties with various tribes of Indians, 1801-69 [microform] / United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Washington : National Archives, 1960.

  • Reel. 1. Introduction and ratified treaties, 1801-26
  • Reel. 2. Ratified treaties, 1827-32
  • Reel. 3. Ratified treaties, 1833-37
  • Reel. 4. Ratified treaties, 1838-53
  • Reel. 5. Ratified treaties, 1854-55
  • Reel. 6. Ratified treaties, 1856-63
  • Reel. 7. Ratified treaties, 1864-68
  • Reel. 8. Unratified treaties, 1821-65
  • Reel. 9. Unratified treaties, 1866-67
  • Reel. 10. Unratified treaties, 1868-69

KNIGHT  MICROFILM E95.U5 1960 reel 4 and reel 5; Reels 1-10 available at Law Library

Microfilm readers and reader/printers are available for use by the public. Charges apply for printing. There are also 2 ScanPro 1000 Digital Microform Scanners. The ScanPro 1000 Digital Microform Scanners feature high resolution scanning; you can and save to the Hard Drive or to a USB Drive. Using your web-based email, compose message, attach images, and send. More information is available at this page:  http://libweb.uoregon.edu/govdocs/micro/services.html

 


Last revision: 08/01/2012
Comments and questions
Digital Library Services, University of Oregon Libraries